Atravessar Uma Porta Pode Causar Esquecimento?
Nós todos já sofremos com isso: você está super atarefado, o dia está corrido, você passa pela porta para fazer algo e… pera aí, o que você ia fazer mesmo? Filho da p…
De acordo com uma pesquisa da Universidade de Notre Dame, liderada pelo professor Gabriel Radvansky, passar por portas de fato nos ajuda a esquecer coisas devido ao modo que o cérebro compartimenta as informações. Portas, segundo Radvansky, servem como um “event boundaries in the mind.” O simples ato de ter que se ajustar, força a mente de tal modo, causando uma pausa na memória de curto-prazo. De acordo com o professor, lembrar de uma decisão tomada em outro quarto, ou local, é dfiícil pois ela já foi compartimentada.
Abaixo um trecho da incrível descoberta de Radvansky:
“In the first experiment, subjects used a virtual environment and moved from one room to another, selecting an object on a table and exchanging it for an object at a different table. They did the same thing while simply moving across a room but not crossing through a doorway.
Radvansky found that the subjects forgot more after walking through a doorway compared to moving the same distance across a room, suggesting that the doorway or “event boundary” impedes one’s ability to retrieve thoughts or decisions made in a different room.
The second experiment in a real-world setting required subjects to conceal in boxes the objects chosen from the table and move either across a room or travel the same distance and walk through a doorway. The results in the real-world environment replicated those in the virtual world: walking through a doorway diminished subjects’ memories.
The final experiment was designed to test whether doorways actually served as event boundaries or if one’s ability to remember is linked to the environment in which a decision – in this case, the selection of an object – was created. Previous research has shown that environmental factors affect memory and that information learned in one environment is retrieved better when the retrieval occurs in the same context. Subjects in this leg of the study passed through several doorways, leading back to the room in which they started. The results showed no improvements in memory, suggesting that the act of passing through a doorway serves as a way the mind files away memories.”